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Essential Objectives

Web Schedule Fall 2019


Revision Date: 25-Jun-19

PSY-1010-VO04 - Introduction to Psychology


Synonym: 185291
Location: Online
Credits: 3 (45 hours)
Day/Times: Meets online
Semester Dates: 09-10-2019 to 12-16-2019
Last day to drop without a grade: 09-29-2019 - Refund Policy
Last day to withdraw (W grade): 11-07-2019 - Refund Policy
Faculty: Sarah Corrow | View Faculty Credentials
This course has started, please contact the offering academic center about registration
This section meets the following General Education Requirement(s):
Human Behavior
    Note
  1. Many degree programs have specific general education recommendations. In order to avoid taking unnecessary classes, please consult with additional resources like your program evaluation, your academic program page, and your academic advisor.
  2. Courses may only be used to meet one General Education Requirement.

Course Description:

A survey of the basic issues, concepts, theories and methods of psychology. Students will increase their awareness of the scientific approach to understanding human behavior through a study of sensory processes, perception, emotion, motivation, intelligence, learning and personality formation.

Essential Objectives:

1. Discuss the development of psychology as a social science.
2. Analyze how current research in neuroscience influences our understanding of the biological and environmental foundations of behavior.
3. Explore how environmental stimuli are sensed and perceived.
4. Describe the nature of consciousness and its relationship to psychological well-being.
5. Experiment with learning and memory formation and evaluate how intelligence is measured.
6. Understand key milestones in language, cognitive, and socio-moral development.
7. Compare theories of motivation and emotion.
8. Identify psychodynamic, behavioral, social, cognitive, and humanistic theories of personality and discuss the approach each takes to understanding human behavior.
9. Give examples of how individuals and groups are influenced in social settings.
10. Evaluate how socio-cultural norms and values shape psychological diagnosis and treatment.
11. Demonstrate proficiency in understanding the scientific method and in interpreting and evaluating statistical and other quantitative data as applied to human behavior.

Evaluation Criteria:

Your discussion post must at least 500 words and fully answer the discussion prompt.

You must fully answer all seven journal questions.

In both cases if you use an outside resource you must cite it in APA format.

Grading Formula:

Category Weight

Participation 40% Total value of grades for participation in the weekly discussions

Journals 25% Total value of grades for journals

Paper/Exams 35% Total value of grade for final paper

How the math works:

A student received the following category totals:

Discussion – 90

Journals – 80

Paper/Exams – 83

The discussion total is worth 40% of your final grade so 90*40% equals 36

The journal total is worth 25% of your final grade so 80*25% equals 20

The final paper is worth 35% of your final grade so 83*35% equals 29.05

The student’s final grade would be the sum of these three totals or roughly an 85 (letter grade equivalent = B range)

Textbooks:

Fall 2019 textbook data will be available on May 13. On that date a link will be available below that will take you to eCampus, CCV's bookstore. The information provided there will be for this course only. Please see this page for more information regarding the purchase of textbooks.

PSY-1010-VO04 Textbooks.

The last day to use a Financial Aid advance to purchase textbooks is the 3rd Tuesday of the semester. See your financial aid counselor at your academic center if you have any questions.

Contact Faculty:

Email: Sarah Corrow
Hiring Coordinator for this course: Jeremy Vaughn

Syllabus:


Week One: INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY AS A SCIENCE – Why Science?

In our text read “Why Science?”

Respond to the discussion prompt in the weekly discussion and complete the journal assignment.

You must respond to at least two classmates’ discussion posts. These responses must be substantive and while it is ok to disagree with a point, remember you are replying to another human being whose thoughts and opinions are just as valid as everyone else’s. “I agree with you” is not acceptable post, whereas “I agree with your comments about Jung and the idea of the collective conscious. I really like the idea of the hero’s journey and how that could affect development and how we view the world” is an acceptable response.

The questions for the journal assignment are:

  • Some claim that science has done more harm than good. What do you think?
  • Humanity is faced with many challenges and problems. Which of these are due to human behavior, and which are external to human actions?
  • If you were a research psychologist, what phenomena or behaviors would most interest you?
  • Will psychological scientists be able to help with the current challenges humanity faces, such as global warming, war, inequality, and mental illness?
  • What can science study and what is outside the realm of science? What questions are impossible for scientists to study?
  • Some claim that science will replace religion by providing sound knowledge instead of myths to explain the world. They claim that science is a much more reliable source of solutions to problems such as disease than is religion. What do you think? Will science replace religion, and should it?
  • Are there human behaviors that should not be studied? Are some things so sacred or dangerous that we should not study them?

Week Two: RESEARCH IN PSYCHOLOGY – Research Designs and Conducting Research in the Real World

Respond to the discussion prompt in the weekly discussion and complete the journal assignment.

You must respond to at least two classmates’ discussion posts. These responses must be substantive and while it is ok to disagree with a point, remember you are replying to another human being whose thoughts and opinions are just as valid as everyone else’s. “I agree with you” is not acceptable post, whereas “I agree with your comments about Jung and the idea of the collective conscious. I really like the idea of the hero’s journey and how that could affect development and how we view the world” is an acceptable response.

The questions for the journal assignment are:

· What are some key differences between experimental and correlational research?

  • Why might researchers sometimes use methods other than experiments?
  • How do surveys relate to correlational and experimental designs?
  • What do you think about the tradeoff between unambiguously establishing cause and effect (internal validity) and ensuring that research findings apply to people’s everyday lives (external validity)? Which one of these would you prioritize as a researcher? Why?
  • What challenges do you see that daily-life researchers may face in their studies? How can they be overcome?
  • What ethical issues can come up in daily-life studies? How can (or should) they be addressed?
  • How do you think smartphones and other mobile electronic devices will change psychological research? What are their promises for the field? And what are their pitfalls?

Week Three: BIOLOGY AS THE BASIS OF BEHAVIOR – The Brain and Nervous System, Evolutionary Theories in Psychology, The Nature – Nurture Question and Gender

In our text read the Biology as the Basis of Behavior module.

Respond to the discussion prompt in the weekly discussion and complete the journal assignment.

You must respond to at least two classmates’ discussion posts. These responses must be substantive and while it is ok to disagree with a point, remember you are replying to another human being whose thoughts and opinions are just as valid as everyone else’s. “I agree with you” is not acceptable post, whereas “I agree with your comments about Jung and the idea of the collective conscious. I really like the idea of the hero’s journey and how that could affect development and how we view the world” is an acceptable response.

The questions for the journal assignment are:

· Are research results on the brain more compelling to you than are research results from survey studies on attitudes? Why or why not? How does biological research such as studies of the brain influence public opinion regarding the science of psychology?

  • How does change take place over time in the living world?
  • Is your personality more like one of your parents than the other? If you have a sibling, is his or her personality like yours? In your family, how did these similarities and differences develop? What do you think caused them?
  • Do you think the time will come when we will be able to predict almost everything about someone by examining their DNA on the day they are born?
  • What are the differences and associations among gender, sex, gender identity, and sexual orientation?
  • Brainstorm additional forms of gender discrimination aside from sexual harassment. Have you seen or experienced gender discrimination personally?
  • How is benevolent sexism detrimental to women, despite appearing positive?

Week Four: DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY – Cognitive Development in Childhood, Social and Personality Development in Childhood and Aging.

In our text read the Developmental Psychology module.

Respond to the discussion prompt in the weekly discussion and complete the journal assignment.

You must respond to at least two classmates’ discussion posts. These responses must be substantive and while it is ok to disagree with a point, remember you are replying to another human being whose thoughts and opinions are just as valid as everyone else’s. “I agree with you” is not acceptable post, whereas “I agree with your comments about Jung and the idea of the collective conscious. I really like the idea of the hero’s journey and how that could affect development and how we view the world” is an acceptable response.

The questions for the journal assignment are:

  • Why are there different theories of cognitive development? Why don’t researchers agree on which theory is the right one?
  • Do you see development as more continuous or more discontinuous?
  • If parent–child relationships naturally change as the child matures, would you expect that the security of attachment might also change over time? What reasons would account for your expectation?
  • How do age stereotypes and intergenerational social interactions shape quality of life in older adults? What are the implications of the research of Levy and others?
  • Memory declines during adulthood. Is this statement correct? What does research show?
  • Is dementia inevitable in old age? What factors are currently thought to be protective?
  • What are the components of successful aging described by Rowe and Kahn (1998) and others? What outcomes are used to evaluate successful aging?

Week Five: SENSATION AND PRECEPTION and CONSCIOUSNESS – Sensation and Perception and States of Consciousness

In our text read BOTH the Sensation and Perception and Consciousness module.

Respond to the discussion prompt in the weekly discussion and complete the journal assignment.

You must respond to at least two classmates’ discussion posts. These responses must be substantive and while it is ok to disagree with a point, remember you are replying to another human being whose thoughts and opinions are just as valid as everyone else’s. “I agree with you” is not acceptable post, whereas “I agree with your comments about Jung and the idea of the collective conscious. I really like the idea of the hero’s journey and how that could affect development and how we view the world” is an acceptable response.

The questions for the journal assignment are:

· A well-documented phenomenon experienced by millennials is the phantom vibration of a cell phone when no actual text message has been received. How can we use signal detection theory to explain this?

  • What physical features would an organism need in order to be really good at localizing sound in 3D space? Are there any organisms that currently excel in localizing sound? What features allow them to do this?
  • What issues would exist with visual recognition of an object if a research participant had his/her corpus callosum severed? What would you need to do in order to observe these deficits?
  • How frequently do you remember your dreams? Do you have recurring images or themes in your dreams? Why do you think that is?
  • Consider times when you fantasize or let your mind wander? Describe these times: are you more likely to be alone or with others? Are there certain activities you engage in that seem particularly prone to daydreaming?
  • If someone were in a coma after an accident, and you wanted to better understand how “conscious” or aware s/he were, how might you go about it?
  • What are some of the factors in daily life that interfere with people’s ability to get adequate sleep? What interferes with your sleep?

Week Six: LEARNING and MEMORY – Conditioning and Learning, Memory (Encoding, Storage, Retrieval), Eyewitness Testimony and Memory Biases,

In our text read BOTH the Learning and Memory module.

Respond to the discussion prompt in the weekly discussion and complete the journal assignment.

You must respond to at least two classmates’ discussion posts. These responses must be substantive and while it is ok to disagree with a point, remember you are replying to another human being whose thoughts and opinions are just as valid as everyone else’s. “I agree with you” is not acceptable post, whereas “I agree with your comments about Jung and the idea of the collective conscious. I really like the idea of the hero’s journey and how that could affect development and how we view the world” is an acceptable response.

The questions for the journal assignment are:

  • Describe three examples of Pavlovian (classical) conditioning that you have seen in your own behavior, or that of your friends or family, in the past few days.
  • Describe three examples of instrumental (operant) conditioning that you have seen in your own behavior, or that of your friends or family, in the past few days.
  • Recall a recent argument or misunderstanding you have had about memory (e.g., a debate over whether your girlfriend/boyfriend had agreed to something). In light of what you have just learned about memory, how do you think about it? Is it possible that the disagreement can be understood by one of you making a pragmatic inference?
  • Think about what you’ve learned in this module and about how you study for tests. On the basis of what you have learned, is there something you want to try that might help your study habits?
  • Imagine that you are a juror in a murder case where an eyewitness testifies. In what ways might your knowledge of memory errors affect your use of this testimony?
  • How true to life do you think television shows such as CSI or Law & Order are in their portrayals of eyewitnesses?
  • Many jurisdictions in the United States use “show-ups,” where an eyewitness is brought to a suspect (who may be standing on the street or in handcuffs in the back of a police car) and asked, “Is this the perpetrator?” Is this a good or bad idea, from a psychological perspective? Why?

Week Seven – Midterm exam and Final Paper Topic due

Week Eight: COGNITION, LANGUAGE AND INTELLIGENCE and EMOTION AND MOTIVATION – Judgement and Decision Making, Language Use, Intelligence, Drive States, Culture and Emotion, and Motives and Goals

In our text read BOTH the Cognition, Language and Intelligence and Emotion and Motivation module.

Respond to the discussion prompt in the weekly discussion and complete the journal assignment.

You must respond to at least two classmates’ discussion posts. These responses must be substantive and while it is ok to disagree with a point, remember you are replying to another human being whose thoughts and opinions are just as valid as everyone else’s. “I agree with you” is not acceptable post, whereas “I agree with your comments about Jung and the idea of the collective conscious. I really like the idea of the hero’s journey and how that could affect development and how we view the world” is an acceptable response.

The questions for the journal assignment are:

  • How would you use this module to be a better decision maker?
  • What sorts of unintended consequences can language use bring to your psychological processes?
  • Which of Howard Gardner’s 8 types of intelligence do you think describes the way you learn best?
  • The ability to maintain homeostasis is important for an organism’s survival. What are the ways in which homeostasis ensures survival? Do different drive states accomplish homeostatic goals differently?
  • What cultural ideas and practices related to emotion were you exposed to when you were a child? What cultural ideas and practices related to emotion are you currently exposed to as an adult? How do you think they shape your emotional experiences and expressions?
  • What is the difference between goal and motivation?
  • What is the difference between self-regulation and self-control?

Week Eight: PERSONALITY – Personality Traits, Personality Assessment and Self and Identity

In our text read the Personality module.

Respond to the discussion prompt in the weekly discussion and complete the journal assignment.

You must respond to at least two classmates’ discussion posts. These responses must be substantive and while it is ok to disagree with a point, remember you are replying to another human being whose thoughts and opinions are just as valid as everyone else’s. “I agree with you” is not acceptable post, whereas “I agree with your comments about Jung and the idea of the collective conscious. I really like the idea of the hero’s journey and how that could affect development and how we view the world” is an acceptable response.

The questions for the journal assignment are:

  • Has your personality changed over time, and in what ways?
  • The findings of Gosling, et al. (2002) demonstrate that we can obtain important clues about students’ personalities from their dorm rooms. What other aspects of people’s lives might give us important information about their personalities?
  • Suppose that you were planning to conduct a study examining the personality trait of honesty. What method or methods might you use to measure it?
  • Psychological research shows that when people are placed in front of mirrors they often behave in a more moral and conscientious manner, even though they sometimes experience this procedure as unpleasant. From the standpoint of the self as a social actor, how might we explain this phenomenon?
  • By the time they reach adulthood, does everybody have a narrative identity? Do some people simply never develop a story for their life?
  • To what extent can we control the self? Are some features of selfhood easier to control than others?
  • What cultural differences may be observed in the construction of the self? How might gender, ethnicity, and class impact the development of the self as actor, as agent, and as author?

Week Nine: PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS – Anxiety and Related Disorders, Mood Disorders, Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders and Personality Disorders

In our text read the Psychological Disorders module.

Respond to the discussion prompt in the weekly discussion and complete the journal assignment.

You must respond to at least two classmates’ discussion posts. These responses must be substantive and while it is ok to disagree with a point, remember you are replying to another human being whose thoughts and opinions are just as valid as everyone else’s. “I agree with you” is not acceptable post, whereas “I agree with your comments about Jung and the idea of the collective conscious. I really like the idea of the hero’s journey and how that could affect development and how we view the world” is an acceptable response.

The questions for the journal assignment are:

  • Name and describe the three main vulnerabilities contributing to the development of anxiety and related disorders. Do you think these disorders could develop out of biological factors alone? Could these disorders develop out of learning experiences alone?
  • Many people are shy. What differentiates someone who is shy from someone with social anxiety disorder? Do you think shyness should be considered an anxiety disorder?
  • Is anxiety ever helpful? What about worry?
  • What factors might explain the large gender difference in the prevalence rates of MDD?
  • Describe the major differences between the major psychotic disorders.
  • What brain changes are most consistent in schizophrenia?
  • Given what you know about personality disorders and the traits that comprise each one, would you say there is any personality disorder that is likely to be diagnosed in one gender more than the other? Why or why not

Week 10: THERAPIES – Therapeutic Orientations, Psychopharmacology

In our text read the Therapies module.

Respond to the discussion prompt in the weekly discussion and complete the journal assignment.

You must respond to at least two classmates’ discussion posts. These responses must be substantive and while it is ok to disagree with a point, remember you are replying to another human being whose thoughts and opinions are just as valid as everyone else’s. “I agree with you” is not acceptable post, whereas “I agree with your comments about Jung and the idea of the collective conscious. I really like the idea of the hero’s journey and how that could affect development and how we view the world” is an acceptable response.

The questions for the journal assignment are:

  • Psychoanalytic theory is no longer the dominant therapeutic approach, because it lacks empirical support. Yet many consumers continue to seek psychoanalytic or psychodynamic treatments. Do you think psychoanalysis still has a place in mental health treatment? If so, why?
  • What might be some advantages and disadvantages of technological advances in psychological treatment? What will psychotherapy look like 100 years from now?
  • Some people have argued that all therapies are about equally effective, and that they all affect change through common factors such as the involvement of a supportive therapist. Does this claim sound reasonable to you? Why or why not?
  • When choosing a psychological treatment for a specific patient, what factors besides the treatment’s demonstrated efficacy should be taken into account?
  • What are some of the issues surrounding prescribing medications for children and adolescents? How might this be improved?
  • What are some of the factors that can affect relapse to an addictive drug?
  • How might prescribing medications for depression be improved in the future to increase the likelihood that a drug would work and minimize side effects?

Week 11: SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY – Social Cognition and Attitudes and Conformity and Obedience

In our text read first two chapters in the Social Psychology module.

Respond to the discussion prompt in the weekly discussion and complete the journal assignment.

You must respond to at least two classmates’ discussion posts. These responses must be substantive and while it is ok to disagree with a point, remember you are replying to another human being whose thoughts and opinions are just as valid as everyone else’s. “I agree with you” is not acceptable post, whereas “I agree with your comments about Jung and the idea of the collective conscious. I really like the idea of the hero’s journey and how that could affect development and how we view the world” is an acceptable response.

The questions for the journal assignment are:

· Describe your event-schema, or script, for an event that you encounter regularly (e.g., dining at a restaurant). Now, attempt to articulate a script for an event that you have encountered only once or a few times. How are these scripts different? How confident are you in your ability to navigate these two events?

  • Take an implicit association test at the Project Implicit website (https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit). How do your results match or mismatch your explicit attitudes.
  • In what ways do you see normative influence operating among you and your peers? How difficult would it be to go against the norm? What would it take for you to not do something just because all your friends were doing it?
  • What are some examples of how informational influence helps us do the right thing? How can we use descriptive norm information to change problem behaviors?
  • Is conformity more likely or less likely to occur when interacting with other people through social media as compared to face-to-face encounters?
  • When is obedience to authority a good thing and when is it bad? What can be done to prevent people from obeying commands to engage in truly deplorable behavior such as atrocities and massacres?
  • In what ways do Milgram’s experimental procedures fall outside the guidelines for research with human participants? Are there ways to conduct relevant research on obedience to authority without violating these guidelines?

Week 12: SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY cont. – Persuasion: So Easily Fooled and Prejudice, Discrimination and Stereotyping

In our text read the final two chapters in the Social Psychology module.

Respond to the discussion prompt in the weekly discussion and complete the journal assignment.

You must respond to at least two classmates’ discussion posts. These responses must be substantive and while it is ok to disagree with a point, remember you are replying to another human being whose thoughts and opinions are just as valid as everyone else’s. “I agree with you” is not acceptable post, whereas “I agree with your comments about Jung and the idea of the collective conscious. I really like the idea of the hero’s journey and how that could affect development and how we view the world” is an acceptable response.

The questions for the journal assignment are:

  • Imagine you are commissioned to create an ad to sell a new beer. Can you give an example of an ad that would rely on the central route? Can you give an example of an ad that would rely on the peripheral route?
  • The reciprocity principle can be exploited in obvious ways, such as giving a customer a free sample of a product. Can you give an example of a less obvious way it might be exploited? What is a less obvious way that a cult leader might use it to get someone under his or her grip?
  • Which “trick” in this module are you, personally, most prone to? Give a personal example of this. How might you have avoided it?
  • Do you know more people from different kinds of social groups than your parents did?
  • How often do you hear people criticizing groups without knowing anything about them?
  • What groups illustrate ambivalent biases, seemingly competent but cold, or warm but incompetent?
  • How can people learn to get along with people who seem different from them?

Week 13: PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH – Happiness: The Science of Well Being and the Healthy Life

In our text read the Psychological Health module.

Respond to the discussion prompt in the weekly discussion and complete the journal assignment.

You must respond to at least two classmates’ discussion posts. These responses must be substantive and while it is ok to disagree with a point, remember you are replying to another human being whose thoughts and opinions are just as valid as everyone else’s. “I agree with you” is not acceptable post, whereas “I agree with your comments about Jung and the idea of the collective conscious. I really like the idea of the hero’s journey and how that could affect development and how we view the world” is an acceptable response.

The questions for the journal assignment are:

  • Which do you think is more important, the “top-down” personality influences on happiness or the “bottom-up” situational circumstances that influence it? In other words, discuss whether internal sources such as personality and outlook or external factors such situations, circumstances, and events are more important to happiness. Can you make an argument that both are very important?
  • Are you satisfied with your level of happiness? If not, are there things you might do to change it? Would you function better if you were happier?
  • What psychological factors contribute to health?
  • Which psychosocial constructs and behaviors might help protect us from the damaging effects of stress?
  • What kinds of interventions might help to improve resilience? Who will these interventions help the most?
  • How should doctors use research in health psychology when meeting with patients?
  • Why do clinical health psychologists play a critical role in improving public health?

Week 14: Final Exam and Final Paper due.

Please note: In order to receive accommodations for disabilities in this course, students must make an appointment to see the Americans with Disabilities Coordinator in their site and bring documentation with them.

Academic Honesty: CCV has a commitment to honesty and excellence in academic work and expects the same from all students. Academic dishonesty, or cheating, can occur whenever you present -as your own work- something that you did not do. You can also be guilty of cheating if you help someone else cheat. Being unaware of what constitutes academic dishonesty (such as knowing what plagiarism is) does not absolve a student of the responsibility to be honest in his/her academic work. Academic dishonesty is taken very seriously and may lead to dismissal from the College.

Course description details subject to change. Please refer to this document frequently.

To check on space availability, choose Search for Classes.


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